Vital Components of a Automotive Electrical System and Their Roles

The automotive electrical system, a significant part of the automotive system has brought in a lot of comfort and flexibility in a commuter’s life. Periodic developments in the system components, aids easy drive and more has become more efficient. But, we all know the cliché, “Pros and Cons.” If there are positive aspects about a system, negative aspects also come along. Predominantly, the problems one faces with starting a car and other problems one encounters are with the electrical system. Do you know the problems that one usually faces with the electrical system? A few common problems are enlisted as follows:

Common Automotive Electrical Systems Perplexities are:

Zero Power in Car’s Battery: This is a very common problem which occurs in a vehicle, where the car battery might be totally out of power, making times hard for you.

Out of Charge Battery: There are a lot more occasions where your car’s battery will seem to have power lesser than the threshold, in order to get the engine running. This is rightly termed as the out of charge which would really be frustrating if you are in a very hurry commitment.

Alternator not functioning: Alternator is a very important component in the battery. It plays an important role in effecting the proper functioning and charging of your vehicles battery. When its condition is not good, the battery cannot be charged and apparently, your electrical system would be faulty.

Damaged Starter or Solenoid: This is certainly an important component in your car which needs to work properly for a perfect electrical system. Any malfunction in these functions will not provide proper braking systems, which is a serious problem.

Cables in the battery: Any loose connections among the battery wires might cause charging and functioning problems.

Electrical Fuses: Fuses malfunctioning, loose wires in the electrical system might affect the system performance and cause serious threats.

Alternator Belt’s Cracks:Alternator being an important component cracks due to tension and heavy usage will cause trouble.

Deficiency in Ignition System:This is a very common cause for breakdown of a vehicle. Automobile Ignition systems play a very important role in the dynamics of the vehicle. Without a proper ignition system, you cannot even think to have your accessories and spark plugs to work. Some of the important components which make an effective ignition system include,

ignition switch

magneto

coil wire

Most often, problems in your electrical system will seem to occur only because of a faulty ignition system. So make sure that your vehicles ignition system is very much perfect and healthy.

Spark Plugs:Spark plugs are considered to be the very precise, state-of-the-art and a wonderful masterpiece in the field of automobiles. It surely needs a very acute maintenance and a careful handling. Without a spark plug, you can never think of moving your vehicle even for 10 meters. So, this needs to be properly connected in order to ignite the incoming fuel else it will result in starting problems.

Automotive Electrical Problems and Dangers

Many Americans enjoy radios, power locks, map lights, and other electrical features in their automobiles. Each of these luxuries is powered by an extensive electrical system that runs wires throughout the vehicle.

As automobile electronics become more advanced and sophisticated, so do their electric systems. Unfortunately, with these advancements come more opportunities for errors. Defective electrical systems may present a number of potential hazards, among the most dangerous of which is the threat of a fire.

Fires may occur when systems wear down, are improperly installed, or use faulty parts. This usually includes:

Unconnected wires
Faulty connectors
Shorts in the electrical system
Missing or faulty wire shielding

These errors may put drivers and their passengers at risk of being caught in a fire. In many cases, fires occur when the wires in the electrical system spark. Since automobiles may be full of potentially flammable materials, they may quickly catch fire in the presence of a spark.

Additionally, if the spark is close to gas tank, a car may be at risk of an explosion. Gasoline is a highly combustible substance that is prone to exploding. Even if a spark is not close to the gas tank, if a car catches fire, the gas tank will soon be consumed by the flame, which may further the damage that a fire causes.

In many cases, faulty electrical systems are the fault of an automobile’s manufacturer. In some cases, though, a third-party repair shop may be to blame. In either case, product liability laws may allow the victims of automotive electrical fires to secure compensation for their losses.

Do Your Own Small Automotive Electrical Repairs

At the age of plus minus 13, I came across a small, old motorcycle and decided to revamp it all on my own. One electrical mistake made by me, nearly caused that bike to burn to the ground. As it was burning, I tried to pull the burning wires off. Those burning wires caused serious damages and burns to my hands that day.

Which resulted in the project being delayed while my hands were healing. Realizing I need to get help from my older brother as he had more electrical knowledge than I had. That pain and damages did not cause me not to become an auto electrician in later years, I am possessing an auto electrical repair shop for the past 20 years.

This is not to scare you not to do your own small electrical repairs on your vehicle yourself. However, I like to give some advice that the same things do not happen to you. If you have any knowledge about electrical and a few elementary tools, you can tackle small electrical defects on your car.

First you have to become an electrical diagram for your car, and you must make sure it is the right one for your cars model and make

Where to find a wiring diagram for your car

· Go online and see if you can find a free download of the diagram you need diagram.

· There are complete workshop manuals for sale online.

· If you have a friend with the same make and model find out if he haven’t got a manual, then you can make copies.

· If you know somebody that is working at a dealership, you may ask him but take note dealerships normally have an agreement with their employees, about sharing info to any customer.

Where to buy the basic tools

· Start with your local spares shop, normally they have some tools for sale.

· If you want to buy quality tools, you will need to find a shop that specializes just in tools.

· The bigger convenient shops do normally keep the basic tools in stock

Just a word of caution if want to buy a test light, make sure you do become one that is fitted with L.E.D’s. As a normal test light with a globe can cause damages to modern cars that are equipped with electronic systems.

For any small automotive electrical defect on your car, you must use your diagram to find all the fuse boxes in your car. All modern cars do have multiple fuse boxes.

The way to go for you as a novice after you has found all the fuse boxes. Then by using your test light and touching the fuses, the test light must illuminate on both ends of the fuses. If the test light only illuminates on the one side of the fuse this means that the fuse is blown.

Then you must make sure you replace that blown fuse with an appropriate amperage fuse. Replacing that blown fuse may solve your problem. If your actions do not solve the problem, you can decide to call on an auto electrician.

If that fuse you have replaced keeps on blowing there is a short on the car, and your problem is more serious than you thought. Never replace a blown fuse with a fuse that has a higher amperage rate than the one you have removed.

Because that is what caused my bike to burn and can cause your car to burn as well.

Rocco van Rooyen is an Author on Automotive Solutions. As an Entrepreneur running his own automotive repair shop for the past twenty years and Author on the subject, he is at the forefront to provide solutions to all automotive related problems.

Preserving the Life of Your Car With Key Automotive Electrical Parts

The automotive industry has certainly embraced modern technology and this has seen the electrical components of a vehicle become a network of complex computer systems, controlling many different aspects of the cars performance. Because of this it is now more important than ever before that you ensure you maintain your car well as any problems with your cars electronics can result in some major problems and could potentially be quite costly to repair or replace. Any automobile is essentially powered through the car’s electrical system and there are some essential automotive electrical parts that will need regular care and attention in order to ensure your car is not only safe but continues to perform well for you.

Perhaps the most vital component of your car is the battery. The battery operates every aspect of your vehicle and if this is not kept in good condition then basically you car will not go. You should regularly check your battery and there are some basic things you can do yourself to ensure your battery is in good order. One common problem that can occur that affects the battery is a build up of corrosion on the terminals. This is can be easily fixed by regularly cleaning your battery terminals. This should be done frequently and can become part of your routine when you clean your car.

Another key component of a vehicles electrical system is the alternator. The alternator is perhaps the hardest working electrical part in a car as, when the car is running, it continually generates electricity that is used to recharge the battery and provide every aspect of the vehicle with the power needed to operate. Part of your regular servicing should include an alternator check and proper maintenance of this part can prevent a rather costly replacement of your alternator.

There are many other important automotive electrical parts that need to be well maintained in order to ensure the efficiency of your vehicle. Many of these parts are also key to the safety of your car. Many safety features of a car such as braking systems, road handling and traction control are controlled through computers linked to the car’s electronics. In addition to these safety features your engine’s performance is also control by a computer linked to your car’s electronics. The engine control module (ECM) of a car is basically a computer consisting of electronics which monitors and adjusts the air and fuel mixture within the engine to ensure fuel efficiency and help reduce the amount of pollution you car produces.

As you can see there are many electrical components of an automobile and gaining some knowledge of these will help you monitor the maintenance of these automotive electrical parts. Most of these parts will be checked as part of your vehicles schedules servicing and it is essential that they are kept in good working order as they are vital to the performance and efficiency of your car.

Finding Automotive Wiring Diagrams

As an owner of a car, I find myself becoming educated on the subject of automotive wiring. Since I am just about the last person who should be playing with anything that has electrical current running through it, I was hesitant to attempt to tackle the issue of automotive wiring.

However my vehicle decided otherwise when it started to randomly select electrical systems that it wanted to me tamper with. When the electric seat belts started to slide back and forth without reason as I drove down the highway, I decided I better figure out how to tamper with the electric systems, considering the exuberant rate of automotive repair.

I found myself with a decision to either, break down and spend $100 an hour for a so-called expert to look at it and try to repair it, or I could learn how the electrical system of my car worked. Considering my level of ignorance I probably was going to try to conquer the impossible. After all the only thing I knew about electrical systems is that AC/DC was a rock band and that dummies and wiring usually did not get along.

However despite my reluctance, I set out to learn what I could about automotive wiring. I quickly learned that there is a huge supply of information available on the subject of automotive wiring. A quick search on Google provided me with an array of information. There are many different levels of sites offering information.

Some sites provided a basic overview of the average electrical system of most cars. A company named Long Island Customs offered some great basic information. They stated that their information was simply for a basic understanding and not for a detailed explanation of particular models. However they actually provide some thorough information on basic systems such as AC and lighting. They also provide some great trouble shooting information.

Another site for general information on electrical systems is TBud.com. This educational website offered general programs on electrical systems in their integrated publishing section.

AllDetailDIY.com considers itself the leading source of professional diagnostic information. They offer full diagnostic flow charts of automotive electrical systems. Their charts offer both system and component perspectives.

I found a great site for individual systems that covered all American made cars from 1985 to 2009.

Wiringdiagram.com breaks it down by system, such as headlights, computer data lines and AC systems. Their individualized charts start at $5.99. They also offer information on 1960-1984 models starting at $6.99. They print the information into an Adobe PDF document and offer rushed service guaranteed to provide you with the diagrams for your particular car in less than 24 hours.

Bulldog.com offers a basic explanation of electrical information in an MS Word document; however they do not supply charts or schematics.

Two other sites that I found to offer great information were Freeauto.com and 12voltresource.com. Freeauto.com provides complete color diagnostics for most makes and models. What I found interesting(?) is freeauto will provide you these color automotive electrical charts and all the other information on their informative website for $11.99. They also assist you with basic electrical theory, electrical harnesses and test equipment.

12voltresource.com offers a CD-ROM that contains wiring systems for every car from 1979 to 2009, for only $17.98. They also offer CD-ROMs and instant downloads for specific models of cars. They only charge $14.98 for this information.

I also decided to look around to see if I could find manufacturers’ manuals that offer automotive electrical diagrams for particular makes and models. What I found was that Haynes Auto Repair Manuals offer a repair manual for just about every major make and model of car. These thorough repair manuals explain every system on particular models in an easy to understand format. I found that these manuals offer electrical charts for their models. I found Haynes manuals available at several sources including their own website for $24.95 and Barnes and Nobles for $22.95 with a membership. The best deal I found on these manuals was Books-A-Million, who offers most Haynes manuals for only $16.45.

So whether you are like me and you don’t know the first thing about automotive electrical systems or even if you are educated in electrical systems you will find these sources to be of great help. If you still desire additional information you may want to contact your local car dealer or mechanic.

How to Improve Your Automobile With Automotive Electrical Supplies

For many people buying a car is one of the biggest purchases they will ever make, second only to the family home. If you have parted with some well earned cash to invest in a motor vehicle then you will want to make sure that it is well maintained to ensure your safety, the safety of others and the longevity of your automobile. While many people are conscious of the importance of regular servicing in order to keep the engine running smoothly they may not be aware of the significance of a cars electrical system. There are many automotive electrical supplies required to run a vehicle efficiently and gaining an insight into these components will place you in a better position to maintain and improve your motor vehicle.

Sometimes when people buy a car, their budget may not be able to accommodate the many extra features available at the time of the initial purchase and while it is often recommended that extras are fitted to a vehicle at the time of manufacture, for many these may not be an option. Others may enjoy the challenge of buying an older car and restoring it to better than its original state. Looking into the range of automotive electrical supplies available for your vehicle may allow you to make ongoing improvements to your car as your budget allows.

One of the best places to begin looking into the range of products available for your cars electrical system is the internet. Here you will have access to manufacturers and suppliers of these parts and will gain a good insight into what is available, their function and how they can improve your vehicle. From here you can start planning how you can enhance your vehicle in order to maximise its safety and performance.

When dealing with a car’s electronics it is of great importance that such work carried out is done by a mechanic who is qualified in this field. Just as you would not entrust your home’s electrics to anyone but a fully licensed electrician you should never carry out automotive electrical work yourself or contract anyone other than a certified auto electrician to do the work for you. Auto electricians are specialised in the area of vehicle electronics and have a thorough knowledge of the automotive electrical supplies required for a particular job and have access to suppliers of these parts. In addition to this, if you get work done on your cars electrical system by a specialist in this area and something goes wrong you will be able to take advantage of any warranties that may apply to these parts which would otherwise be void if they are not fitted by an approved mechanic.

There are many ways you can improve your cars performance and if you are passionate about your vehicle then you may wish to look into the range of automotive electrical products available. You may well be surprised by how much you can actually enhance your automobile

Voltage Drop Testing – An Effective Method For Solving Automotive Electrical Faults

For any electrical component to work properly, it must receive the correct current flow. Low current to a light bulb, for example, makes the light dim. Low current to a compressor clutch coil reduces the magnetic field and may allow the clutch to slip or not engage at all. For proper current flow to exist, the circuit must have the correct source voltage applied, and be free of any “unwanted” resistance in the circuit. And the best way to test this is to measure voltage drop with the circuit “working”.

Here are the steps to take to perform a voltage drop test:

1. Connect your DVOM negative lead to the battery’s negative post.
2. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the battery’s positive post and measure its voltage. Record this reading.
3. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the positive side of the load being tested, as close to the load as possible.
4. Operate the circuit, and record your measurement.
5. Connect your DVOM positive lead to the negative side of the load being tested, as close to the load as possible.
6. Operate the circuit and record your measurement.

Let’s take a closer look at these steps. First, we want to test the integrity of the ENTIRE circuit so placing your test leads at the battery is a must. You can make an extension lead for your DVOM so you can always connect to the battery ground terminal with your negative meter lead. Second, it is important to know the source voltage available. If the battery is weak to start with, your circuit is already working with a handicap. Even better is to measure source voltage with the engine running, and use that as your baseline.

In the third step, you are making sure all that source voltage is arriving at its ultimate destination…the load. Getting as close to the load as possible insures you are testing the entire path. On the positive side of the load, you should read within 0.50 volts of your source voltage, i.e. if you started with 14.56 volts you should read no less than 14.06 volts. This applies to most basic circuits. If you are diagnosing a control module related circuit, you may want to look for even less than that.

In step #5, you are looking for unwanted guests robbing your load downstream. Remember, all the voltage potential should have been used by the load. If you get a voltage reading of 0.50v or more here, there is someone else at home stealing potential from the primary component. This unwanted source may be ultimately found way “downstream” of the load, maybe even at the battery connection itself. Even so, it will still cause the voltage reading at the load to be over 0.50v. This is due to the available voltage being split proportionally between the two, and tends to throw techs new to voltage drop testing off. Remember, current flow is instantaneous throughout the circuit. Again, in the case of module related circuits, a little less is better. Stay as close to the load as you can to make sure you check the entire ground path.
Remember, current flow is only going to happen with the circuit turned on and working. Don’t forget to operate the circuit when taking your measurements.

My Reading Is Out Of Range. Now What?

Experience is a guide here, as in all things. Typically, unwanted resistances are the result of poor grounds or poor connections, either in a harness connector or switch contact, and will result in an obvious, out of range measurement. To find the little unwanted guest, all you have to do is “backtrack” from your load back to the battery. Here, you will need to spend some time with a schematic for the circuit you are working on and use a little common sense. For example, if there are parallel branches on the circuit, are all branches affected? If so, focus on that section of wiring common to all. If not, focus on that section that is unique to the component you are diagnosing. Move back towards the battery at logical points (harness connections, switch contacts, splice points, etc.) until your DVOM reading is back to normal. That means you passed the unwanted guest and all you have left to do is narrow the search between your last two test points.

Some voltage measurement on the ground side of a working load is normal. If no ground exists at all, you will measure source voltage on both sides of the load. If the ground side measures 0.0 volts on the money, and the component is receiving correct source voltage, then the load likely has an internal open.

What if both sides of the load test just fine, but it still doesn’t work right? If you tested right at the load, there is only one area left untested…the load itself. In this case, you most likely have a failed component. A good example of this is a solenoid that is failed mechanically, not electrically.

Remember, too, to not take shortcuts in your initial tests. It is vitally important that you test the entire path the current is taking from and back to the battery. A common mistake is to use a chassis ground under the dash when testing inside the car. But don’t forget, that chassis ground point still has to make it back to the battery, typically through a few more connections, before the ground path is complete. That inoperative HVAC module could be simply a bad connection at the bulkhead connector or firewall ground eyelet, and you’ll miss it if you cut corners. Done properly, a voltage drop test will quickly isolate which side of the circuit has the problem, and save you diagnostic time in the process.

Electrical Troubleshooting On Cars, Should This Be A DYI?

Many malfunctions that occur in cars may be diagnosed as electrical problems. The cause is usually related to the electricity that is being generated by the battery or alternator. Troubleshooting can be a frustrating task, especially if you’re not knowledgeable enough.

A crucial consideration when working on automotive electrical systems is ‘safety’. Although the risk of being shocked is low, the danger is accidentally shorting out a hot circuit. This may lead to damaging the wiring, PCM or other onboard electronics – and fire.

Electrical Problem Signs

For your safety, and your car’s, it is best to let professional auto technicians handle the electrical troubleshooting. How do you know when it’s time to bring your sports car to a Maserati or Porsche workshop? Here are some of the signs you have to look out for.

Vehicle won’t start. It’s the most common electrical problem you will probably experience. If the interior lights aren’t working and the car won’t start, the problem is likely a dead battery. If you hear a clicking sound, it might be the starter. Go to an auto repair shop for final diagnosis.

Lights dim while driving. Does your dashboard or headlights dim when you’re driving at low speeds? There might be a problem with your car’s alternator, or voltage regulator. It could also mean that the battery is on its last legs, or have trouble holding a charge.

Visible battery damage. Even if you don’t know troubleshooting, you can still inspect the battery from time to time. Are there corrosion stains or buildup around the terminal? It may be a sign that the battery is leaking, experiencing a problem, or nearing the end of its life.

Brake lights don’t work. You tried having your break lights replaced, but it’s still not working. The problem may not be with the bulbs. It might be the fuse. It can also happen to some specific part of the vehicle. Let an auto shop check if you don’t need to replace a fuse.

Electrical System Service

If you’re an Aston Martin owner, the more you have to bring your car to a service center specializing in luxury vehicles. Batteries usually last between three and seven years, so it will be a smart decision to have it checked once you experience any of the signs.

Remember, the contents of the battery are corrosive, and they will damage bare skin. That’s why it should not be just a DIY task. There are dozens of components needed to route power in your vehicle’s electrical system. It can vary greatly according to vehicle make, model and age.

The Research Project of the Automotive Malfunction Diagnosis

The electric systems used by the automobiles are very complex currently, which includes more than eighty electronic control units. The past experiences show that forty percent of the electric system malfunction can not define the cause. The owners of cars will pay so much to repair the car for many times, because the components must be changed for many times until the malfunction is solved.

In order to overcome the above situations, the research project of the DIANA is developed by some automotive companies. They try to improve the analysis and diagnosis of the electronic control unit through every mean. Companies joined together to improve the accuracy of malfunction detection before the year of 2013. This project has gain the support of some research institute and colleges. The DIANA is the acronym of the German words, which means the semiconductor components and system diagnosis for the continually and incidental malfunction. This project is the part of German high technology strategy and information and communication technology 2020 plan which will gain the finical sport of the German government and research department. Automobile and transportation are scheduled to be the two focal points of the IKT 2020 plan, in order to improve the reliability and durability of the automotive device dramatically.

The research of the DIANA lays the foundations for detecting the malfunction of the electric device. For the achievement of the goal, the quality control measures of semiconductor industries are applied by the automotive industry systematic. The related information of malfunction can be searched in that way and to transmit it to the high class components of electronic control units. Then the electronic control unit diagnoses the fault with the collected operational data, providing the machinist a detailed diagnosis report.

Choosing the Best Automotive Electrical Kit

There is no denying the fact that the most excellent car should also be the safest. That is why every car needs the best automotive electrical kit. An automotive electrical kit is a kit that can turn a standard automobile into an electric car or more characteristically turn it into a mixture car. The rationale behind these kinds of cars is that they are well-liked and well-accepted plus they are energy-efficient and they trim down greenhouse gasses and decrease gas expenditures.

Some group of people has a false impression with reference to the conversion kits. These people suppose that they will trim down your automotive presentation. In actual fact, they do not have an effect on your car routine for the reason that they only translate energy that would have been squandered into electricity. This is then stocked up for use soon after. Consequently, to all intents and purposes, these cars are reprocessing waste power and not using up energy out of the locomotive.

On the other hand, the most essential principle still exists. It is still very luxurious to change a gas motorized car into an electric car fusion, attributable to all the supplementary elements that should be fitted with an automotive electrical kit. For example, you are supposed to call for an installation of a secondary, electric engine into the car, at the surface of the gas motorized engine.

But then, the much-better alternative to the automotive electrical kit is to try a hydrogen conversion kit. This is a change that changes the waste power into a chemical energy, and is then flamed accompanied by the gas. This functions on the same principle of using the waste energy of the car to produce more useful power, but it does not have a need of a secondary engine to use this power. The overloaded electricity as a substitute is employed to break up water into combustible gases. These are straight away inserted into the fuel concoction of the car, releasing more energy that the engine can use.

The conversion is very trouble-free to carry out. In actual fact, you do not even necessitate to pay money for a conversion kit. You are able to create the hydrogen gas converter personally, by the means of the not so expensive yet simple to purchase automotive electrical mechanism. To set it up into your engine is straightforward. There is a converter which is completed from economical components that you can get your hands on without any. Unlike an automotive electrical kit, if you notice that it cannot function for you, you can without difficulties do away with it and bring back your car to its innovative and original situation.

That is why you must take into account having automotive electrical kit today and be able to experience a journey that is away from any untoward breakdowns. There are also some tips that you can gain knowledge of form the different automotive electrical information and ideas. The online sites are available in order for you to become acquainted with the most essential details and ideas regarding safe road travel anytime, anywhere.

Automotive electrical kit can be a big help to anyone who has a car. It will turn your car to be the most excellent car and it will also ensure that you will be safe during long travels. Because of this, you will be worry free and you will enjoy driving and traveling more.